Extreme Temperatures

Extreme temperatures can be particularly hazardous for children, the elderly and those with special needs and pets.  To protect yourself, your family and your neighbors, please familiarize yourself with the following terms and symptoms.

Extreme Heat

When temperatures are high, we want everyone to stay cool, hydrated and informed. Although nearly everyone is uncomfortable in high heat, some people are more vulnerable than others.  Seniors, people who work or exercise outdoors, infants and children, and people with chronic medical conditions are particularly susceptible.  Check frequently on your neighbors if you know they have health concerns. Pet owners are also advised to keep an eye on their companions during these hot days.

Stay Cool 

  • Stay out of the sun, limit outdoor activity and physical exertion
  • Seek out air-conditioned buildings
  • Wear light-colored, loose-fitting clothing and wide-brimmed hats when outdoors
  • Lower body temperature by using cold compresses, misting and taking cool showers, baths or sponge baths.

Stay Hydrated

  • Drink plenty of water
  • Avoid alcohol, caffeine and sugary drinks as these can promote dehydration
  • Eat light meals

Stay Informed 

Seek Medical Attention for Heat Exhaustion

Be mindful for the following symptoms of heat exhaustion and to seek medical attention for:

  • Profuse sweating and muscle cramping
  • Body temperature of 105 with hot, dry skin
  • Confusion or unconsciousness

Protect Your Pets

Be aware that pets are also vulnerable to high heat. Pet owners are reminded to:

  • Never leave pets in a car
  • Be alert for any sign of heat stress, including heavy panting, glazed eyes, a rapid pulse, unsteadiness, a staggering gait, vomiting and deep red or purple tongue
  • Offer a cool place to rest
  • Call animal control or police immediately if you see an animal in distress in a car
  • If you think your pet is experiencing heat stress consult a veterinarian immediately for evaluation.

For more information and resources, visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Extreme Heat site.

Extreme Cold

  • Wear several layers of loose fitting, lightweight, warm clothing rather than one layer of heavy clothing
  • Wear mittens instead of gloves
  • Wear water-repellent clothing
  • Wear a hat
  • Make sure small children, infants and the elderly stay warm. They are much more vulnerable to the cold weather.
  • Take advantage of public libraries, and heated stores and malls.
  • Avoid drinking alcoholic beverages
  • Drive with care and plan your trip. If cold, snowy or icy conditions exceed your ability or your car's ability, don't travel.

Safe heating tips:

  • If your heat does not work or you have no heat contact your building owner.
  • Electric heaters can be hazardous and should be used with extreme caution to prevent shock, fire and burns. Follow the usage instructions carefully and keep clothing and blankets clear of any heating elements.
  • Be very careful in using fireplaces, making sure flues are clear. Proper ventilation is essential and charcoal should not be used.
  • Gas ovens and burners should never be used to heat your home.
  • Learn about PG&E's safety action center

For more information and resources, visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Winter Weather site.